Melchizedek, exactly who seems on Old-testament, leads to biblical customs because he had been both king and you can priest, connected with Jerusalem, and you can revered from the Abraham, just who paid back a tithe to your. Getting Abraham to understand the latest expert and you will authenticity of a great Canaanite priest-queen is startling features zero synchronous during the biblical books.
Melchizedek is a classic Canaanite name definition “My personal Queen Was [brand new god] Sedek” otherwise “My personal King Was Righteousness” (the definition of your comparable Hebrew cognate).
The new god exactly who Melchizedek serves as priest is actually “Este ?Elyon,” a name away from Canaanite supply, probably designating new highest goodness of its pantheon.
Melchizedek, and additionally spelled Melchiseent), a statistic worth addressing in the biblical lifestyle given that he had been each other queen and you may priest, are connected with Jerusalem, and you will try respected of the Abraham, who paid down a good tithe so you can your
Melchizedek is believed to have been the brand new king from Jerusalem. Salem, of which he or she is said to be king, is very most likely Jerusalem. Psalm 76:2 refers to Salem in a fashion that means they are similar to Jerusalem, additionally the source within the Genesis to help you “this new King’s Area” further confirms which identification.
He looks like men just during the a keen interpolated vignette (Genesis –20) of your tale out-of Abraham protecting their kidnapped nephew, Lot, from the defeating a beneficial coalition off Mesopotamian kings not as much as Chedorlaomer.
Regarding the event, Melchizedek meets Abraham on the his come back away from race, provides your money and you will wines (which was interpreted because of the particular Religious scholars since the a predecessor of Eucharist, to make sure that Melchizedek’s name registered the new canon of Roman https://datingranking.net/nl/malaysiancupid-overzicht/ mass), and you may blesses Abraham regarding name off “God Really Highest” (during the Hebrew El ?Elyon). Inturn, Abraham gives your an excellent tithe of booty.
Melchizedek is a classic Canaanite title meaning “My personal Queen Is actually [the brand new god] Sedek” otherwise “My King Is actually Righteousness” (this is of one’s comparable Hebrew cognate). Salem, from which he’s allowed to be king, is very most likely Jerusalem. Psalm 76:2 means Salem in a way that ensures that they try just Jerusalem, as well as the reference when you look at the Genesis so you’re able to “the brand new King’s Valley” then verifies which identity. Brand new god whom Melchizedek functions as priest was “Este ?Elyon,” once more a name regarding Canaanite origin, most likely designating the newest large goodness of its pantheon. (Later on, this new Hebrews modified other Canaanite name since an enthusiastic appellation having God.)
Abraham purchasing an excellent tithe to Melchizedek try a translation, though a most likely you to, of your new biblical text, where amount are unclear; it appears to be incongruous you to definitely Abraham brings a 10th of your booty so you’re able to Melchizedek immediately after which will not simply take any kind of it having themselves (passages 22–23)
To own Abraham to spot the brand new power and you will credibility from a great Canaanite priest-queen try surprising and has no synchronous for the biblical books. This facts possess attained their final formulation throughout the days of King David, offering since the a keen apologia to have David’s to make Jerusalem his headquarters and you will setting-up this new priesthood around. Abraham’s using tribute in order to a beneficial Jerusalem priest-king next create greet the full time when Abraham’s descendants carry out render tithes to your priests of Jerusalem ministering in the haven on the new Davidic financing. The storyline may also relate genuinely to the disagreement amongst the Levite priests originated regarding Abraham and Zadokite priests away from Jerusalem, which after changed their allegiance so you’re able to Yahweh, brand new Hebrew jesus. The brand new Zadokites monopolized the Jerusalem priesthood until forcibly removed so you can Babylon, at which date Levite priests asserted their hegemony; the fresh Melchizedek event could show the latest reascendancy of Zadokite electricity.
The new biblical membership along with poses textual trouble. Once more, particular students provides mentioned that it might be unusual to possess an enthusiastic composer of Davidic times to construct a narrative with a good Canaanite protagonist.